Ethnobotany and Unani Perspective of Tukhme Soya (Anethum sowa Roxb.)
People are using herbs as a medicine since ancient time. Herbal medicine has a valuable importance in the treatment of many chronic as well as life threatening diseases with minimal or about negligible side effects. In the classical Unani literature drug is classify in to dwae ghizayi and ghizae dwai. Tukhme soya (Anethum sowa) a Unani drug having dietary value as well as medicinal value also. Tukhme soya is a green crock herb which is commonly found in many parts of India and it is cooked with palak, so Tukhme soya is generally comes in the category of ghizae dwai. In classical Unani literature it is used in different diseases like Ehtebas e tams (amenorrhea), Ehtebase baul (retention of urine), Nafakhe Shikam (flatulence), Marod (spasmodic pain), Da’emi Qabz (chronic constipation), Bawasir (hemorrhoids), Hichki (hiccups), Ghisyan (yawning), Baul fil Farash (Bed wetting), Mufatite hisate kulliya wa Masana (Lithotripsic of kidney and bladder), Indemale Qrooh (Wound healing) specially those wound which are present on genitalia etc. so Tukhme soya used as carminative, stomachic, diuretic, aromatic stimulant, galactogogue, emmenagogue, anthelmintic (hookworm infestation) antiflatulence. The present review is exposed its pharmacology and Phytochemistry in scientifically manner.
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