Pharmacognostical and preliminary phytochemical investigation of Equisetum debile Roxb.

  • Preksha Sharma Department of Pharmacognosy, Himalayan Pharmacy Institute, Majhitar, Sikkim-737136, INDIA
  • J. P. Mohanty Department of Pharmacognosy, Himalayan Pharmacy Institute, Majhitar, Sikkim-737136, INDIA
  • Pallab Ghosh Department of Pharmacognosy, Himalayan Pharmacy Institute, Majhitar, Sikkim-737136, INDIA
  • Chandrika Sharma Department of Pharmacognosy, Himalayan Pharmacy Institute, Majhitar, Sikkim-737136, INDIA
  • Bhupen Subba Department of Pharmacognosy, Himalayan Pharmacy Institute, Majhitar, Sikkim-737136, INDIA

Abstract

Herbal medicines are increasingly gaining popularity as they possess minimal or no side effects therefore, authentication of the crude drugs are necessary to ensure that the herbal drugs so obtained are safe and of optimal quality. In the present study, various pharmacognostical parameters such as organoleptic evaluation, macroscopic evaluation, microscopic evaluation, physico chemical evaluation (moisture content, loss on drying, ash values, extractive values), and phytochemical evaluation were conducted for the plant E. debile Roxb. (Equisetaceae). Pharmacognostic evaluation helps to identify the commercial varieties, substitutes, adulterants and any other quality control parameter of the drugs. It is a simple and reliable tool, by which complete information of the crude drugs can be obtained (WHO 1998). Pharmacognostical evaluation helps to establish the authenticity of the drugs, it also helps to differentiate the drugs from other species and it also helps to detect any form of adulteration.


Keywords: Equisetum debile Roxb., pharmacognostical, organoleptic evaluation, phytochemical analysis.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Preksha Sharma, Department of Pharmacognosy, Himalayan Pharmacy Institute, Majhitar, Sikkim-737136, INDIA

Department of Pharmacognosy, Himalayan Pharmacy Institute, Majhitar, Sikkim-737136, INDIA

J. P. Mohanty, Department of Pharmacognosy, Himalayan Pharmacy Institute, Majhitar, Sikkim-737136, INDIA

Department of Pharmacognosy, Himalayan Pharmacy Institute, Majhitar, Sikkim-737136, INDIA

Pallab Ghosh, Department of Pharmacognosy, Himalayan Pharmacy Institute, Majhitar, Sikkim-737136, INDIA

Department of Pharmacognosy, Himalayan Pharmacy Institute, Majhitar, Sikkim-737136, INDIA

Chandrika Sharma, Department of Pharmacognosy, Himalayan Pharmacy Institute, Majhitar, Sikkim-737136, INDIA

Department of Pharmacognosy, Himalayan Pharmacy Institute, Majhitar, Sikkim-737136, INDIA

Bhupen Subba, Department of Pharmacognosy, Himalayan Pharmacy Institute, Majhitar, Sikkim-737136, INDIA

Department of Pharmacognosy, Himalayan Pharmacy Institute, Majhitar, Sikkim-737136, INDIA

References

1. Silja V P., Verma K. S., “Ethnomedicinal Plant knowledge of the Mullukuruma tribe of Wayanad district, Kerala, Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge, 2008; 7(4):604-612.
2. Kirtikar K. R., Basu B. D., 1987, Indian Medicinal Plant, 2nd edition, vol III, International Book Distributors, Rajpur Road, Derhadun, pp: 2336-2338.
3. Rama Das V. S., 2008, Medicinal Plant for Human Health, Role of Modern Technologies for Higher Efficiency, ISMP, Tirupati, India.
4. Manandhar, Narayan P. (2002). Plants and People of Nepal. Portland, Oregon, USA: Timber Press. p. 220.
5. Kumar, Punam “Pteridophytes structure and reproduction”. www.peoi.org . Archived from the original on December 16, 2014. Retrieved December 16, 2014
6. Mondal P, Bhuyan N, Das S, Kumar M, Borah S, Mahato K. Herbal Medicines Useful For The Treatment Of Diabetes In North-East India. IJPBS 3: 575-589.
7. Gurung Bejoy. The Medicinal Plants of the Sikkim Himalaya. Maples, Chakung, West Sikkim; 1st Edition: 163.
8. The Wealth of India. Second Supplement Series (raw materials).volume 1: A-F. National Institute of Science Communication and Information Resources (NISCAIR) Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi, 2006: 325-325
9. Rastogi R.P., Mehrotra B.N., Sinha S., Srivastava M., Bhushan B.Compendium of Indian Medicinal Plants, volume 3 NISCAIR Press, National Institute of Science Communication and Information Resources (NISCAIR) Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi:266-267.
10. Khandelwal, K.R. Practical Pharmacognosy Techniques and Experiments.19th ed. Pune, Nirali Prakashan. 2008, 157-159.
11. WHO. Quality Control Methods, for Medicinal Plant Material, Geneva. 1998, 28
12. Government of India Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. Indian Pharmacopeia, Vol-II. New Delhi, Controller of Publication. 1996, A-52-A-54.
13. Ewans, W.C. Treas and Evans Pharmacognocy.15th ed. New-York, Saunders. 2004, 98-99.
14. Wallis, T.E. Practical Pharmacognocy. J and Churchill Ltd. London 1953, 132-133
15. Kokoshi CJ, Kokoshi RJ, Sharma PJ. Fluorescence of powdered vegetable drugs under UV radiation. J Am. Pharm. Assoc. 1958; 47:715‐717.
16. Chase CR, Pratt RJ. Fluorescence of powdered vegetable drugs. Indian J Exp Biol. 1949; 33(6):428-432.
17. Sumanthi, Evaluation of Physicochemical and Phytochemical Parameters of Meliaazedarach. L leaves (Family: Meliaceae), International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vol 5(2): 2013:104-107.
18. Kokate C.K., Purohit A.P., Gokhale S.B. Pharmacognosy, Nirali Prakashan, Pune, 1st edition: 2002: 105-106:111-113.
19. J.B Harborne. Phytochemical methods “A Guide to modern technique of plant analysis”, London: 2nd, 3rd edition: 1998: 5-7, 55-82.
Statistics
64 Views | 96 Downloads
How to Cite
Sharma, P., Mohanty, J. P., Ghosh, P., Sharma, C., & Subba, B. (2019). Pharmacognostical and preliminary phytochemical investigation of Equisetum debile Roxb. Journal of Drug Delivery and Therapeutics, 9(3-s), 163-169. https://doi.org/10.22270/jddt.v9i3-s.2818