Diverse Application of Arthrospira Potential Herb
Spirulina is a photosynthetic, filamentous, spiral-shaped, multicellular and green-blue microalga. The two most important species of which are Spirulina maxima and Spirulina platensis. It is a microalga belonging to Chyanophyceae class. Its chemical composition includes proteins (55%-70%), carbohydrates (15%-25%), essential fatty acids (18%) vitamins, minerals and pigments like carotenes, chlorophyll a and phycocyanin. Used in food and cosmetic industries. Spirulina is considered as an excellent food, lacking toxicity and having corrective properties against viral attacks, anemia, tumor growth and malnutrition. It has been reported that the use of these microalgae as animal food supplement implies enhancement of the yellow coloration of skin and eggs yolk in poultry and flamingos, growth acceleration, sexual maturation and increase of fertility in cattle. Spirulina can play an important role in human and animal nutrition, environmental protection through wastewater recycling and energy conservation. Spirulina is rich in proteins (60-70%), vitamins and minerals used as protein supplement in diets of undernourished poor children in developing countries. One gram of Spirulina protein is equivalent to one kilogram of assorted vegetables. The mass cultivation of Spirulina is achieved both in fresh water and waste water. Spirulina grown in clean waters and under strictly controlled conditions could be used for human nutrition. The micro alga grown in waste water is used as animal feed and provide a source of the fine chemicals and fuels. The waste water system is highly applicable in populated countries like India where wastes are generated in high quantities and pose environmental problem. It has high levels of vitamins, minerals, phenolics, essential fatty acids, amino acids and pigments. Furthermore, the development of new protein sources to supply the shortage of this nutrient is an urgent need, and protein from S. platensis plays an important role . In this sense, extraction processes that allow maximum protein yield and total utilization of biomass is an urgent need, and ultrasonic waves have proven to be an effective extraction technique
Keywords: food, microalgae, nutrition, Spirulina, Flamingos etc.
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