DALK (MASSAGE): AN EFFECTIVE MODE OF TREATMENT FOR MUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDERS
In Unani system of medicine, there are four modes of treatment; Ilaj Bil Ghiza (Dietotherapy), Ilaj Bid Dawa (Pharmacotherapy), Ilaj Bit Tadbeer (Regimenal therapy) and Ilaj Bil Yad (Surgery). Ilaj bit Tadbeer includes a number of regimenal therapies such as Hijāma (cupping), Ta‘līq al-‘Alaq (leeching), Fasd (venesection), Dalk (massage), Natūl (irrigation), Qay’ (Emesis), Idrār-i-Bawl (Diuresis), Tariq (Diaphoresis), Mundij and Mu'shil therapy (Concoction and purgation), Bukhoor (medicated steam), Kaiyy (cauterization), Huqna (enema) etc. It has been extensively used for its preventive, therapeutic and rehabilitative purposes since ancient times. It causes elimination of morbid matter out of the body, thus helps in maintaining the equilibrium of humours. It has been advised in management of neurological, psychosomatic and musculoskeletal disorders. Various clinical trials have established its efficacy in musculoskeletal disorders on scientific parameters. This review paper aims to explore the basic concept, classification and its therapeutic importance in musculoskeletal disorders.
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