Aeromycological approach of some fungal diseases on Tomato Crop (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) at Nashik, India 422007
Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) family Solanaceae is the most popular and widely grown vegetable crop in India and throughout the world and having highly nutritious and medicinal value. Tomato crop and yield suffers from number of fungal diseases and shows correlation ship with airborne fungal spores and meteorological parameters; like mean temperature, relative humidity and average rainfall. The present investigation is done over Tomato field by using Rotorod air sampler (Tilak 1987) during Kharif season in Nashik, India. Weather conditions play an important role in seasonal development of many plant diseases. The present studies reveals the high concentration of air born pathogenic fungal spores were responsible in diseases incidence in Tomato crop. Some of them are Early blight (Alternaria solani), Late blight (Phytophthora species), Fusarium stem rot (Fusarium species) and showed more or less severity during the entire period of investigations.
Keywords: Tomato, Rotorod sampler, Kharif season, Nashik.
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