Constrictive pericarditis following Dressler’s syndrome induced by percutaneous coronary arteriography
Constrictive pericarditis (CP) is a chronic inflammatory process characterized by chronic scarring, fibrosis and calcification of the pericardium associated with diastolic dysfunction, eventually leading to low cardiac output and heart failure. Idiopathic pericarditis remains the predominant cause of CP in the western world, followed by surgery and radiation therapy. Tuberculous pericarditis is still the leading cause of CP in developing countries and immunocompromised patients. Dressler’s syndrome is an autoimmune pericarditis which has been rarely reported following myocardial infarction and cardiotomy cases and lately after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). However, CP following PCI is exceedingly rare. Herein, we report a case of CP following an uncomplicated coronary angioplasty and stenting.
Keywords: constrictive pericarditis, Dressler’s syndrome, percutaneous coronary intervention, pericardiectomy.
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