Formulation, development and evaluation of Microsponge loaded Topical Gel of Nystatin
Nystatin containing microsponge as active constituent (API) in different formulations by changing the proportions of drug (Nystatin), polymer (ethyl cellulose), emulsifier (Poly vinyl alcohol) were obtained successfully using quasi-emulsion solvent diffusion method. These formulations were studied for particle size and physical characterization. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images showed the microsponges porous and spherical in shape. The physical characterization showed that microsponge formulation coded by P6 showed a better loading efficiency and production yield. This microsponge formulation was prepared as gel in carbopol and studied for pH, viscosity, spreadability, drug content, in-vitro release. The microsponge formulation gel, F3 showed viscosity3465.84cps,spreadability of 26.22g cm/s and drug content of 89.65%. The nystatin microsponge gel formulations showed an appropriate drug release profile. F3 released 81.03% of drug at 12 hours.
Keywords: Microsponge, Solvent diffusion method, Scanning electron microscope, Nystatin microsponge gel.
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