Phase equilibria and thermodynamic description of solid dispersions of 8-hydroxyquinoline – 4-chlorobenzoic acid drug system
In present article 8-hydroxyquinoline (HQ)-4-chlorobenzoic acid (CBA) binary drug system has been undertaken to study phase diagram and thermodynamic contribution in the system in terms of partial and integral mixing and excess functions. The phase equilibria of the system undertaken shows the formation of 1:1 addition compound C and its eutectic E at 214º and199º c respectively. The negative value of molar free energy of mixing (∆GM) of solid dispersion at 0.810 and 0.895 mole fraction of CBA suggests that the mixing in these cases is spontaneous. The integral molar enthalpy of mixing value corresponds to the value of excess integral molar free energy of the system favors the regularity in the binary solutions. The positive value of excess free energy (gE) for all the eutectic and noneutectic solid dispersion suggests an association of weaker nature between unlike molecules and of stronger nature between like molecules. Gibbs-Duhem equation gives the graphical solution of partial molar heat of mixing (Hi-M), activity and activity coefficient of a particular constituent in the binary mix. Interfacial roughness of the binary solid dispersion has also been explained.
Keywords: Binary drug dispersion, phase diagram, activity, activity coefficient, mixing and excess function.
2. Gachon J.C. J. Phys. Chem. Solid., 1998; 49:435.
3. Sharma B.L.; Tandon S.; Gupta S. Cryst. Res. Technol., 2009; 44:258.
4. Agarwal T; Gupta P; Das SS; Ashutosh Gupta; Nakshtra Bhadur Singh. J.Chem. Engg. Data., 2010; 55:4206.
5. Gupta, R.K..; Singh S.K..; Singh R.A. J. Cryst. Growth, 2007; 300:415.
6. Shekhar H.; Salim S.S.; Kumar N. J.Int.Acad.Phy.Sci., 2009; 13:437.
7. Sangstar J. J.Phys.Chem. Ref. Data. 1994; 23:29.
8. Rai R.N.; Reddi R.S.B. Thermochimica Acta, 2009; 496:13.
9. Wisniak J.; Tamir A. Mixing and excess thermodynamic properties, Elsevier: New York, 1978, p-121.
10. Kant Vishnu; Shekhar H. IJPAC., 2014; 9:127.
11. Shekhar H.; Salim S.S. Natl. Acad. Sci. Lett., 2011; 34:117.
12. Shekhar H.; Luxmi Raj, JSTR., 2018; 8:30.
13. Shekhar H.; Kumar M. Green Chemistry & Technology Letters, 2018, 4, 01.
14. Hunt J.D.; Jackson, K..A. Trans. Metal Soc. AIME, 1966; 236:843.
15. Rai U.S.; Pandey P, J. Therm. Analys and Colorim, 2003; 74:141.
16. Shekhar H.; Pandey K.B. J. Ind. Council Chemists, 2010; 27(2):153.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported License. that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (SeeÂ The Effect of Open Access).