Pharmacognostic Standardization and Phytochemical Evaluation of Ailanthus altissima (Mill.) Swingle leaves
The present study was focussed to carry out the detailed pharmacognostic studies in terms of organoleptic characters, physicochemical parameters, macroscopical, microscopical characters and phytochemical screening for major groups of compounds and other WHO recommended parameters for standardization of the leaves of (Mill.) family Simaroubaceae. Phytochemical screening of methanolic and aqueous extracts of leaves of Ailanthus altissima demonstrated the presence of Carbohydrates, flavonoids, tannins, cardiac glycosides, phenols, saponins, diterpenes, fats and oils. However alkaloids and anthraquinone glycosides were found absent in all the extracts. Information obtained from phytochemical and pharmacognostical analysis can be used as markers in the identification and standardization of this plant for monograph development and as herbal remedy.
Keywords: Tree of heaven, Phytochemical, Pharmacognostic analysis, Bioactive compounds, Ailanthus altissima.
2. Miller JH. Tree-of-heaven. Nonnative invasive plants of southern forests: a field guide for identification and control. USDA Forest Service/UNL Faculty Publications.2003.
3. Hu SY. Ailanthus altissima. Arnoldia. 1979; 39 (2):29-50.
4. Anonymous. Tree of Heaven Ailanthus altissima. Division of forestry, Ohio Division of forestry. 2015; 12-16.
5. Miller JH. Nonnative invasive plants of southern forests. USDA Forest Service/UNL Faculty Publications. 2006; 103.
6. Henderson L. Alien Weeds and Invasive Plants. Plant Protection Research Institute Handbook No. 12. 2001.
7. Adamik KJ, Brauns FE. Ailanthus glandulosa (Tree of heaven) as a pulpwood Part II. Tappi. 1957; 40(7):522-527.
8. Burrows, George E, Ronald JT. Toxic Plants of North America. 2011; 147-254.
9. Haisey RM. Potential of ailanthone, an allelochemical from A. Altissima, as a natural product herbicide. InBook of abstracts of the 24th ACS national meeting, Las Vegus. 1997; 7-11.
10. Kang TH et al. Ailanthus altissima Swingle has anti-anaphylatic effect and inhibits inflammatory cytokine expression via suppression of nuclear factor-kappa B activation. In vitro cellular and Developmental Biology-Animal. 2010; 46(1):1708-11.
11. Bown D. The Royal Horticulture Society encyclopedia of herbs and their uses. Dorling Kindersley Limited.1995.
12. Che YH. Handbook of Chinese Herbs and Formulas, Ed. Institute of Chinese Medicine, Los Angels. 1995.
13. Evans WC, Evans D, Trease GE. Trease and Evans Pharmacognosy. 16th ed. Saunders/Elsevier; 2009.
14. Trease GE, Evans WC. Pharmacognosy. International edition. W.B.Saunders. 2008; 2(3):538-544
15. Farooq S, Mohi-ud-din R, Bhat ZA, Preliminary phytochemical screening of Iris kashmiriana Baker collected from Budgam, Kashmir, India., Journal of Drug Delivery and Therapeutics. 2019; 9(1-s):121-124.
16. Raja WY, Bhat ZA, Chashoo IA. Pharmacognostic and Phytochemical characteristics of Ailanthus altissima (Mill.) Swingle stem and root bark:A comparative study.Pharmacognosy journal.2017; 9(5):668-73.
17. Anonymous, Quality control methods for medicinal plant materials, World Health Organization, Geneva, 1998; 8:25-28.
18. Harborne JB, Phytochemical methods: A guide to modern techniques of plants analysis, Chapman & Hall. London, Ltd., 1998; 1-188.
19. Kokate CK, Purohit AP, Gokhale SB. Pharmacognosy. 22nd ed. Nirali Prakash, Pune,India. 2003. 594.
20. Jigna P , Sumitra VC, In-vitro antimicrobial activity and phytochemical analysis of some Indian medicinal plants, Turkish Journal of Biology, 2007; 31:53-58.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported License. that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (SeeÂ The Effect of Open Access).