Phytochemical and Therapeutic Potential of Bioenergetic plant: Trapa bispinosa Roxb.
The present study includes the determination of physicochemical property, qualitative phytochemical investigation, fluorescence analysis and organoleptic property of kernel of fruit of water chestnut (Traba bispinosa Roxb) in different solvents. Maximum extractive value was obtained in aqueous solution(8.42%) followed by methanol80%(5.42%), ethanol 80%.(2.88%),ethanol(2.34%), methanol(2.02%), acetone(0.94%) and chloroform(0. 74%).Total ash content (2.30%) and moisture content (10.22%) were recorded in dried kernel. Qualitative analysis showed presence of carbohydrate, reducing sugar, starch, protein, flavonoid while phenols, saponin and tannins were absentin driedkernel of fruit. Florescence characteristics of crude drug powder ofdriedkernel fruit treated with acids, benzene, ammonia and FeCl3 showed different colour in UV light and ordinary visible light. Organoleptic property of kernel fruitswas also recorded on the basis of colour, odor, taste and texture as off white, specific, sweet and powdery respectively. Present work suggests that kernel of fruits of Trapa has significant positive biomolecules to be used as industrial, pharmaceutical and nutraceuticals crop and can be further bioprospected for polyvalent utilization.
Keywords: Fluorescence, Organoleptic property, Physicochemical, Phytochemical.
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