THE Drug utilization pattern of gestational diabetes mellitus in pregnant women and complication of gestational diabetes mellitus in mother and newborn in a secondary care hospital: A retrospective study
The present study was a retrospective study, carried out by total of 100 cases in the Obstetric And Gynaecology department of a secondary care hospital, Tiruppur, Tamil Nadu. There were 100 pregnant women who had gestational diabetes. Increasing gravida (secondary gravida G2 -44% ) shows more prevalence of GDM than primi (34%).Body Mass Index , family history of diabetes and previous history of GDM shows more significance in occurring GDM. Among 100 population, 45% patients receiving insulin with medical nutritional therapy (MNT) ,30% patients receiving medical nutritional therapy (MNT) alone , 11% patients receiving medical nutritional therapy (MNT) with metformin, 3% patients receiving medical nutritional therapy (MNT) with Oral Hypoglycaemic Agents (OHA) and insulin , 3% patients receiving insulin alone and 8% patients didn’t receiving any therapy. Overall 96% of women with GDM had one or more complications and 4% had no complication. From this , 35.89% patients shows caesarean delivery with recurrent GDM, followed by 10.25% patients shows caesarean delivery with polyhydramnios, 15.38% patients shows caesarean delivery with Pregnancy Induced Hypertension (PIH).Overall 74% of new-borns had one or more complications and 27% had no complication. 24.32% patients shows macrosomia with neonatal hypoglycaemia, 16.21% patients shows macrosomia with preterm birth, 13.52% patients shows macrosomia with hyperbilirubinemia. Our study concludes that the complications arise from GDM to both mother and new-borns can be resolved and minimised by proper diagnosis and appropriate treatment during the pregnancy.
Keywords: Gestational Diabetes Mellitus, Drug Utilization Pattern, Complications, Oral Glucose Tolerence Test
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