Extraction, Qualitative and Quantitative Determination of Secondary Metabolites of Corchorus Olitorius
Jute (Corchorus spp.) leaf has long been used as a remedy in many cultures. Jute leaf products, which include the leaf juice, fried leaf and some time whole green leaf are used, among other reasons, as laxatives, in creams for skin care, and as a treatment for a wide range of diseases, respectively. The heterogeneous nature of jute leaf products may contribute to the diverse biological and therapeutic activities that have been observed. The aim of the present study is to examine Corchorus olitorius whole plant for phytochemical profile. Qualitative analysis of various phytochemical constituents and quantitative analysis of total flavonoids were determined by the well-known test protocol available in the literature. The present study provides evidence that successive solvent extracts of Corchorus olitorius contains medicinally important bioactive compounds and this justifies the use of plant species as traditional medicine for treatment of various diseases. Quantitative analysis of flavonoids was carried out by aluminium chloride method. Phytochemical analysis revealed the presence of phenols, flavonoids, tannins, saponins, alkaloids, fixed oil and fats. The total flavonoids content of whole plant extracts was found to be chloroform- 0.505, ethyl acetate-1.300, methanol-2.050, aqueous-1.785 mg/100mg.The present study concluded that the crude extract of Corchorus olitorius is a potential source of various activates and this justifies its use in folkloric medicine.
Keywords: Corchorus olitorius, Qualitative, Quantitative analysis, Total flavonoids
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