Structural and quantum chemical studies on aryl sulfonyl piperazine derivatives
The optimized molecular structure and electronic features of aryl sulfonyl piperazine derivatives 1-4 have been investigated theoretically using Gaussian 09 software package and DFT/B3LYP method with 6-31G (d,p) basis set. The reactivity of the title molecules was investigated and both the positive and negative centers of the molecules were identiﬁed using molecular electrostatic potential (MEP) analysis which the results illustrate that the regions reveal the negative electrostatic potential are localized in sulfamide function while the regions presenting the positive potential are localized in the hydrogen atoms. The energies of the frontier molecular orbitals and LUMO-HOMO energy gap are measured to explain the electronic transitions. Global reactivity parameters of the aryl sulfonyl piperazine derivatives molecules were predicted to find that the more reactive and softest compound is the compound 3. Mulliken’s net charges have been calculated and results show that 3N is the more negative and 33S is the more positive charge, which Indicates extensive charge delocalization in the entire molecule. The stability of the molecule arising from hyper-conjugative interaction and charge delocalization (π→π transitions) has been analyzed using NBO analysis. Fist hyperpolarizability is calculated in order to ﬁnd its importance in non-linear optics and the results show that the studied molecules have not the NLO applications.
Keywords: sulfamide; density functional theory; computational chemistry; electronic structure; quantum chemical calculations.
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