Pattern of analgesic use in hospitalized children at a pediatric general ward in a tertiary care teaching hospital
Background: analgesic use is common in adults but their use in children has not been extensively studied. This observational study was envisaged to study prevalence and pattern of analgesic use in hospitalized children in pediatric general ward.
Methods: 120 patients were included in the study. Disease was classified as per ICD-10 and medicines used were classified according to ATC classification. WHO indicators for rationality was used. Descriptive statistics was used to present the data i.e. percentage; proportions, frequency, mean and standard deviation using Microsoft excel worksheet.
Result: A total of 791 drugs from different classes were prescribed to 120 patients with a mean of 6.6 + 2.68 drugs described per patient during their stay in the hospital. 81 analgesics were prescribed. 25 were prescribed as fixed dose combination. Paracetamol was the most commonly prescribed non steroidal anti-inflammatory agent.
Keywords: analgesics, children, fixed dose combinations
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