Bioactive potential analysis of brown seaweed Sargassum wightii using UV-VIS and FT-IR
The current study was investigated to explore the biogenic molecules of Sargassum wightii collected from the south east of Tamil Nadu, India. The biogenic molecules extracted from Sargassum wightii by using methanol as a solvent and the analysis was carried out by using UV-Visible spectroscopy and FT-IR. The UV-Visible spectrum of the methanolic extract of Sargassum wightii exposed the existence of the biogenic molecules separated from 200 - 1100 nm among the absorption. The incidence of peaks from 234-676 nm discovered the presence of flavonoids and its derivatives. The unprocessed methanolic extract of Sargassum wightii was travelled in to FT-IR and it indicated the being of phenols and flavonoids their functional groups such as alcohol, alkane, carboxylic acids, esters, ethers, alkynes and aromatics. From the results, the future aim of this study is necessary to develop the target site to treat dreadful diseases.
Keywords: Sargassum Wightii, FT-IR, UV-Visible Spectroscopy, Phytochemical analysis.
2. Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations. Year book of fishery statistics, vol. 98/1 & 2. Rome: FAO; 2006, p. 134.
3. Dhargalkar VK and Pereira N. Seaweed: promising plant of the millennium. Sci Cult 2005; 71:60-66.
4. Cahyana AH., et al., Pyrophenophytin as an antioxidative substance from the marine algae, Arame (Eicenia bicyclis), Biosci Biotechnol Agrochem, 1992. 56:1533-1535
5. Kakinuma M., et al., Distribution of free L-Cystenine and glutathione in seaweeds, Fish Sci., , 2001, 67:194-196
6. Yan XJ., et al., Fucoxanthanin as the major source of antioxidant in Hijikia Fusiforms, A common edible seaweed, Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 1999. 63:605-607
7. Druehl L.D, Pacific Seaweeds, A Guide to Common Seaweeds of the West Coast, Harbour Publishing, BC Canada, 2000, 190
8. Bhaskar N and Miyashita K. Lipid composition of Padina tetratomatica (Dictyotales, Phaeophyta), brown seaweed of the west coast of India. Ind J of Fish, 2005; 52:263-268.
9. Fleurence J. Seaweed proteins: Biochemical, nutritional aspects and potential uses. Trends in Food Sci & Technology, 1999; 10:25-28.
10. Mabeau S and Fleurence J. Seaweed in food products: Biochemical and nutritional aspects. Trends in Food Sci and Technology, 1993; 4:103-107.
11. Nisizawa K and DJ Mchaugh (eds.) Production and utilization of products from commercial seaweeds. Rome: FAO; 1988, p. 147.
12. Fujiwara-Arasaki T., et al., The protein value in human nutrition of edible marine algae in Japan. Hydrobiology, 1984. 116:513-516.
13. Tiwari P., et al., Phytochemical screening and extraction: a review. Internationale Pharmaceutica Sciencia. 2011. 1:106.
14. Vasu, K., et al., Biomolecular and phytochemical analyses of three aquatic angiosperms. Afr. J. Microbiol. Res. 2009. 3(8):418-421.
15. Mojab F., et al., Phytochemicals screening of some species of Iranian plants. Iran. J. Pharm. Res. 2003. 3:77-82.
16. Das K., et al., Techniques for evaluation of medicinal plant products as antimicrobial agent: Current methods and future trends. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research. 2010. 4:104-111.
17. Nagashayan N., et al., Association of L-Dopa with recovery following ayurveda medication in Parkinson’s disease. Journal of Neurological Science. 2000. 176:124-127.
18. Srikanth K., et al., Pharmacognostic and phytochemical investigations in Strychnous potatorum Linn. F. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 2013; 246-51.
19. John Peter Paul J and Shri Devi SDK. Phytochemical Screening of Padina Tetrastromatica Hauck, American Journal of Pharm Tech Research. 2013. 3(5):214-222.
20. Neha Sahu and Jyoti Saxena. Phytochemical Analysis of Bougainvillea Glabra Choisy by FTIR and UV-VIS Spectroscopic Analysis. Int. J. Pharm. Sci. Rev. Res., 2013; 21(1):196-198.
21. Jasper C., et al., The antimicrobial activity of perfume oils. J Am Pharm Asso 1958. 47, p. 471-476.
22. Sofowora A. Medicinal Plants and Traditional Medicine in Afric. John Wiley and son Ltd 1993, 150-153.
23. Kristin Lammer et al., FT-IR study of the changes in carbohydrate chemistry of three New Jersey pine barrens leaf litters during simulated control burning. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 2009. 41:340-347.
24. Li YM., et al., Identification of American ginseng from different regions using FT-IR and two-dimensional correlation IR spectroscopy. Vibrational spectroscopy. 2004. 36:227 232.
25. Nakamoto, K., 1986. Infrared and Raman Spectra of inorganic and coordination compounds, John Wiley and Sons: New York.
26. Mishra A and Jha B. Isolation and characterization of extracellular polymeric substances from micro-algae Dunaliella salina under salt stress. Bioresource Technology, 2009; 100:113.
27. Marimuthu J., et al., Phytochemical characterization of brown seaweed Sargassum wightii. Asia Pacific J of Trop disease, 2012. p. 109-113.
28. Diem M., et al., Infrared spectroscopy of human cells and tissue. VIII. Strategies for analysis of infrared tissue mapping data and applications to liver tissue. Bioplymers, 2000. 57(5):282-290.
29. Nithyadevi R and Sivakumar. Phytochemical Screening and GC-MS, FT-IR Analysis of Methanolic Extract Leaves of Solanum torvum Sw. J International Journal of research studies in Biosciences, 2015. 3(9):61-66
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported License. that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (SeeÂ The Effect of Open Access).