In-Vivo assessment of glucocorticoid loaded tea tree oil nanoemulsion gel

  • Md. Sarfaraz Alam PhD Research Scholar, School of Pharmacy, OPJS University, Rawatsar Kunjla, Near Sankhu Fort, Rajgarh (Sadulpur) -Jhunjhunu Road, Churu – Rajasthan-331303, India
  • Rohit Saraswat Head, School of Pharmacy OPJS University, Rawatsar Kunjla, Near Sankhu Fort, Rajgarh (Sadulpur) -Jhunjhunu Road, Churu – Rajasthan-331303, India
  • Pankaj Sharma Head, School of Pharmacy, Apex University, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
  • Md. Salahuddin Ansari PhD Research Scholar, School of Pharmacy, OPJS University, Rawatsar Kunjla, Near Sankhu Fort, Rajgarh (Sadulpur) -Jhunjhunu Road, Churu – Rajasthan-331303, India

Abstract

Optimized formulations were subjected to various in vivo studies like anti-inflammatory activity, Nickel induced dermatitis, irritation study and Acute and repeated dose dermal toxicity studies. Clobetasol propionate (CP) has anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory, and antiproliferative activity. The aim of the present work was to test the hypothesis that the addition CP in nanoemulsions would result in enhancement CP delivery and leading to better antipsoriatic activity. Nanoemulsions were prepared by aqueous phase titration method, using Tea Tree oil, Tween 20, Transcutol P, and distilled water as the oil phase, surfactant, co-surfactant and aqueous phase, respectively.We developed a topical O/W nanoemulsion in which drug is incorporated in disperse phase of oil and evaluated its efficacy against different types of in vivostudies. It was also found that the significantly increased their anti-inflammatory activity. It was reported that CP-loaded nanoemulsion significantly increased NTPDase (Nucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolases) activity in lymphocytes. This membrane protein is responsible for the hydrolysis of extracellular ATP (Adenosine triphosphate) which is responsible for cell proliferation, differentiation and inflammatory processes. In vivoirritation studies did not show any irritation in spite of having high amount of surfactant. Group treated with CP loaded nanoemulsion gel showed no evident toxicity even on repeated exposure. On the basis of above in vivo study we conclude that developed nanoemulsion is safe for human.


Keywords: Clobetasol propionate, In-vivo study, Nanoemulsion, Anti-inflammatory study, Toxicity study

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Author Biographies

Md. Sarfaraz Alam, PhD Research Scholar, School of Pharmacy, OPJS University, Rawatsar Kunjla, Near Sankhu Fort, Rajgarh (Sadulpur) -Jhunjhunu Road, Churu – Rajasthan-331303, India

PhD Research Scholar, School of Pharmacy, OPJS University, Rawatsar Kunjla, Near Sankhu Fort, Rajgarh (Sadulpur) -Jhunjhunu Road, Churu – Rajasthan-331303, India

Rohit Saraswat, Head, School of Pharmacy OPJS University, Rawatsar Kunjla, Near Sankhu Fort, Rajgarh (Sadulpur) -Jhunjhunu Road, Churu – Rajasthan-331303, India

Head, School of Pharmacy OPJS University, Rawatsar Kunjla, Near Sankhu Fort, Rajgarh (Sadulpur) -Jhunjhunu Road, Churu – Rajasthan-331303, India

Pankaj Sharma, Head, School of Pharmacy, Apex University, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India

Head, School of Pharmacy, Apex University, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India

Md. Salahuddin Ansari, PhD Research Scholar, School of Pharmacy, OPJS University, Rawatsar Kunjla, Near Sankhu Fort, Rajgarh (Sadulpur) -Jhunjhunu Road, Churu – Rajasthan-331303, India

PhD Research Scholar, School of Pharmacy, OPJS University, Rawatsar Kunjla, Near Sankhu Fort, Rajgarh (Sadulpur) -Jhunjhunu Road, Churu – Rajasthan-331303, India

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How to Cite
Alam, M. S., Saraswat, R., Sharma, P., & Ansari, M. S. (2019). In-Vivo assessment of glucocorticoid loaded tea tree oil nanoemulsion gel. Journal of Drug Delivery and Therapeutics, 9(1), 108-113. https://doi.org/10.22270/jddt.v9i1.2178