Phytochemical screening and GC–MS analysis of bioactive compounds present in ethanolic leaves extract of Silybum marianum (L).
Objective: To investigate the phytochemicals and GC-MS analysis of ethanol extracts of Silybum marianum.
Methods: The air-dried leaves were powdered and subjected to selective sequential extraction using solvents of increasing polarity through percolation, ethanol to obtain an ethanolic extract. Then, each of the extracts was further subjected to gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
Results: Qualitative determination of the different biologically active compounds from crude extracts of Silybum marianum using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry revealed different types of high and low molecular weight chemical entities with varying amounts present in each of the extracts. These chemical compounds are considered biologically and pharmacologically important.
Conclusions: The study established the chemical composition and anticancer activity of the plant.
Keywords: Silybum marianum, Phytochemicals screening, GC–MS analysis, Bioactive compounds.
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