Extraction, Qualitative and Quantitative Determination of Secondary Metabolites of Rumex Nepalensis Roots

  • Azher Nawaz Khan Jammu Institute of Ayurveda and Research, Jagti, Jammu and Kashmir 181123, India
  • Irm Bhat Jammu Institute of Ayurveda and Research, Jagti, Jammu and Kashmir 181123, India

Abstract

In the Indian ayurvedic system of medicine, Rumex nepalensis Spreng. (Polygonaceae) commonly known as Nepal Dock has wide-spectrum therapeutic potencies and is extensively used for centuries in traditional medicine systems. They act as a possible food supplement and are largely used in pharmaceutical industry. Extracts and metabolites from this plant exhibits pharmacological activities including anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, insecticidal, purgative, analesic, antipyretic, anti-algal, central nervous system depressant, genotoxic, wound healing and skeletal muscle relaxant activity. Due to its remarkable biological activities, it has the potential to act as a rich source of drug against life threatening diseases. The aim of the present study is to examine Rumex nepalensis roots for phytochemical profile. Qualitative analysis of various phytochemical constituents and quantitative analysis of total phenolics and flavonoids were determined by the well-known test protocol available in the literature. Quantitative analysis of phenolic and flavonoids was carried out by Folins Ciocalteau reagent method and aluminium chloride method respectively. Phytochemical analysis revealed the presence of phenols, flavonoids, tannins, saponins, alkaloids, fixed oil and fats. The total phenolics content of roots ethanolic extract was (1.658 mg/100mg), followed by flavonoids (1.048mg/100mg). The present study concluded that the crude extract of Rumex nepalensis is a potential source of various activates and this justifies its use in folkloric medicine.


Keywords: Rumex nepalensis, Qualitative analysis, Quantitative analysis, TPC, TFC, Folins Ciocalteau

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Author Biographies

Azher Nawaz Khan, Jammu Institute of Ayurveda and Research, Jagti, Jammu and Kashmir 181123, India

Jammu Institute of Ayurveda and Research, Jagti, Jammu and Kashmir 181123, India

Irm Bhat, Jammu Institute of Ayurveda and Research, Jagti, Jammu and Kashmir 181123, India

Jammu Institute of Ayurveda and Research, Jagti, Jammu and Kashmir 181123, India

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Khan AN, Bhat I. Extraction, Qualitative and Quantitative Determination of Secondary Metabolites of Rumex Nepalensis Roots. JDDT [Internet]. 15Dec.2018 [cited 1Oct.2020];8(6-s):97-00. Available from: http://jddtonline.info/index.php/jddt/article/view/2092