AN UPDATED REVIEW ON USTUKHUDOOS PLANT
Lavandula stoechas Mill. commonly known as Ustukhudoos, is perhaps the most important medicinal plant in the unani system of medicine. Whole part, flowers and essential oil of the plant is used to treat a variety of diseases. A number of ailments are treated by the plant which is used either alone or in combination with other plants. It is used for the treatment of various neurological disorders like hemiplegia, facial paralysis, tremors, epilepsy, melancholia, neurasthenia. Moreover, it is used in sinusitis, liver disorders and urinary disorders etc. L. stoechas possesses antimicrobial, antidiabetic, antioxidant, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, anticonvulsant, antispasmodic, sedative, hepatoprotective activities. This article discusses and summarizes the important medicinal values of Ustukhudoos in the perspective of Unani literature as well as modern scientific research.
Keywords: Ustukhudoos, Lavandula stoechas, neurological, epilepsy
2. Jayaweera D. Medicinal Plants Used in Ceylon. Colombo:National Science Council of Sri Lanka; 1980. P. 2.
3. Anonymous. Standardisation of single drugs of unani medicine, part III. New Delhi: CCRUM, Ministry of H & FW, Govt. of India; 1992. P. 20-25,79,80,81,83.
4. United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). (n.d.). Retrieved March 8, 2017, from USDA.gov: https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=LAST9
5. Nadkarni K. The Indian Materia Medica Vol. 1. Bombay: A.K Nadkarni Publishers; 1936. P. 280, 482,483, 485, 501,842-843,,844-46,1203.
6. Khare CP. Indian Medicinal Plants: An illustrated dictionary. New Delhi: Springer-Verlag Berlin/Heidelberg, Springer science business media LLC. 2007. P. 189, 238,239,365,449,652-654.
7. Anonymous. Standardisation of single drugs of unani medicine, Part V. New Delhi: CCRUM, Ministry of H & FW, Govt. of India; 1992. P. 1,4, 98-101.
8. Anonymous. Physicochemical standards of Unani Formulations, Part I. New Delhi: CCRUM, Dept. of AYUSH, Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Govt. of India; 1986. P. 202,203,213-215,228,229,232-234.
9. Sina I. Al Qanoon Fit Tibb. New Delhi: Ejaz Publishing House, Daryaganj; 1927. P. 39,40,61,212.
10. Baitar Ibn. Al Jamiul mufradat ul advia wal aghziya (Urdu translation, Part I). New Delhi: CCRUM; YNM. P. 54-56, 94-96, 232-233,339-341.
11. Hakeem MA. Bustanul Mufradat. New Delhi:Idara Kitabus Shifa; 2002. P. 60,67-68, 72,85-86.
12. Khare CP. Indian Medicinal Plants: An illustrated dictionary. New Delhi: Springer-Verlag Berlin/Heidelberg, Springer science business media LLC. 2007. P. 189, 238,239,365,449.
13. Bouzouita N, Kachouri F, Hamdi M, & Chaabouni M, Volatile constituents and antimicrobial activity of Lavandula stoechas L. oil from Tunisia: Journal of essential oil research, 2005; 584-586.
14. Gabreili C, & Kokkalau E, A new acetylated glucoside of Luteolin and two flavones glucosides from Lavandula stoechas: Pharmazie J, 2003; 58(6):426-7.
15. Sadani S, & Alireza S, Antimicrobial activity of the essential oils of Lavandula stoechas flowers extracted by microwave: Journal of medicinal plants studies, 2016; 4(3):224-228.
16. Jabeen Q, Aziz N, Afzal Z & Gilani AH, Spasmogenic and spasmolytic activities of Lavandula stoechas are mediated through Muscarinic receptors stimulation and calcium channel blockade: International Journal of Pharmacology, 2007; 3(1):61-67.
17. Sebai H, Selmi S, Tibi K, Souli AA, Gharbi N & Sakly M, Lavender (Lavandula stoechas L.) essential oils attenuate hyperglycemia and protect against oxidative stress in alloxan-induced diabetic rats: Lipids in Health and Disease, 2013; 1-9.
18. Angioni A, Barra A, Coroneno V, & Dessi S, Chemical Composition, Seasonal Variability and Antifungal Activity of Lavandula stoechas L. ssp. stoechas Essential Oils: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 2006; 54:4364-4370.
19. Yassine E, Dalila B, Latifa EM, Smahan B, Lebtar S, Sana A, Phytochemical Screening, Anti-inflammatory Activity and Acute Toxicity of Hydro-ethanolic, Flavonoid, Tannin and Mucilage Extracts of Lavandula stoechas L. from Morocco: International Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemical Research, 2016; 8(1):31-37.
20. Gilani A, Aziz N, Khan M, Shaheen F, Jabeen Q, Siddiqui B, Ethnopharmacological evaluation of the anticonvulsant, sedative and antispasmodic activities of Lavandula stoechas L: Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 2000; 71(1):161-167.
21. Miraj S, Lavandula stoechas L: A systematic review of medicinal and molecular perspectives: Der Pharmacia Lettre, 2016; 8(13):56-58.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported License. that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (SeeÂ The Effect of Open Access).