PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING AND ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY OF MEDICINAL PLANT - Hybunthus enneaspermus L. F. Muell
Hybanthus enneaspermus (L.). F. Muell is a small suffrutescent perennial herb distributed in the trophical and subtropical regions of the world. It grows 15-30 cm in height with many different diffuse or ascending branches and is pubescent in nature. The plant is popularly known as Rathanapurus or Pursharathna (Sanskrit, Hindi) and Orithazhthmarai(Tamil). This herb is considered to extremely beneficial to men, hence it is called Rathanapurush. Traditionally the plant is used as an aphrodisiac, demulcent, tonic, diuretic, in urinary infections, diarrhea, leucorrhoea, dysuria and sterility.Â The plant kingdom shows many species of plant conataining substances of medicinal value which have yet to be identified. Phytochemical analysis of major phytoconstituents which are possessing many biological activities, hence this study creates a presence of different extracts alkaloids, flavanoids, carbohydrates etc., The medical plants Hybunthus enneaspermus was from in an around Rasipuram,Namakkl district. Preliminary photochemical studies were performed for the presence or absence of Alkaloida, Proteins and Amino acids, Flavnoids, Phenolic compounds, Carbohydates and Phytosterol. Petroleum ether, Chloroform, Methanol, Ethanol and Isopropyl alcohol extracts of Hybunthus enneaspermus were investigated for antibacterial activity was tested against pathogenic bacteria. The petroleum ether extract inhibited maximum zones of inhibition were observed in E.Coli. Petroleum ether, Chloroform, Methanol and Ethanol extracts of Hybunthus enneaspermus were investigated for antifungal activity. The Methanol and Ethanol extract inhibited maximum zone of inhibition were observed in Aspergillus niger and Aspergillus flavus.
Keywords: Medicinal plant, Bacteria, Fungi,Â Phytochemical and Hybunthus enneaspermus L
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