CONTRACEPTIVE METHOD CHOICE AND COMMODITY SOURCES AMONG WOMEN OF REPRODUCTIVE AGE CURRENTLY USING ANY FORM OF CONTRACEPTION IN COMMUNITIES IN IMO STATE, NIGERIA

  • Duru B Chukwuma Department of Community Medicine, Imo State University, Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria.
  • Emelumadu F Obiageli Department of Community Medicine, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka, Anambra State, Nigeria.
  • Duru A Chioma Rico Pharmaceutical Company, Onitsha, Anambra State, Nigeria.
  • Iwu C Anthony Department of Community Medicine, Imo State University, Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria.
  • Okedo-Alex N Ijeoma Department of Community Medicine, Federal Teaching Hospital, Abakaliki, Nigeria.
  • Ndukwu N Emmanuel Department of Community Medicine, Imo State University Teaching Hospital, Orlu Imo State, Nigeria

Abstract

Introduction: The choice and use of a particular contraceptive method and their sources varies globally. The common modern contraceptive methods used were; condoms, injectables, pills and Intra Uterine Contraceptive Devices (IUCD).

Aim: The aims of this study was to determine the pattern of contraceptive method choice and commodity  sources among women of reproductive age who are currently using any contraception in communities in Imo State, Nigeria.

Methodology: This study was a community based cross-sectional study carried out among 1123 women of reproductive age (15-49 years) living in communities in Imo State, Nigeria. Eligible participant were selected using a multistage random sampling technique and data was collected using a pretested, semi structured and interviewed administered questionnaire. Data was analyzed using a computer software (EPI-INFO Version 3.3.2).

Results: The mean age of the women was 32.0±8.0 years. Out of the 1123 women studied, only 305 (27.2%) were current contraceptive users. About two-third of the users (18.2%) were using any form of modern contraceptive method. The common contraceptive methods used were; condoms, periodic abstinence, injections and pills. Contraceptive choice varies with age, marital status, religion and resident of women. Overall most women sourced their contraceptives from the private sector. Most of the barrier methods and pills were sourced from the chemist while the injections, IUCD tubal ligation and implants were sourced from the hospitals.

Conclusion: Use of modern contraceptive method was low and the choice of a particular contraceptive type and source of the commodity varies with socio-demographic characteristics of the women. There is need to make contraceptives available and family services accessible to women in a way that will be culturally acceptable to them.

Keyword: Contraceptive method, choice, commodity sources, communities, Imo State

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Author Biographies

Duru B Chukwuma, Department of Community Medicine, Imo State University, Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria.
Department of Community Medicine, Imo State University, Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria.
Emelumadu F Obiageli, Department of Community Medicine, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka, Anambra State, Nigeria.

Department of Community Medicine, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka, Anambra State, Nigeria.

Duru A Chioma, Rico Pharmaceutical Company, Onitsha, Anambra State, Nigeria.

Rico Pharmaceutical Company, Onitsha, Anambra State, Nigeria.

Iwu C Anthony, Department of Community Medicine, Imo State University, Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria.

Department of Community Medicine, Imo State University, Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria.

Okedo-Alex N Ijeoma, Department of Community Medicine, Federal Teaching Hospital, Abakaliki, Nigeria.

Department of Community Medicine, Federal Teaching Hospital, Abakaliki, Nigeria.

Ndukwu N Emmanuel, Department of Community Medicine, Imo State University Teaching Hospital, Orlu Imo State, Nigeria

Department of Community Medicine, Imo State University Teaching Hospital, Orlu Imo State, Nigeria

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Chukwuma D, Obiageli E, Chioma D, Anthony I, Ijeoma O-A, Emmanuel N. CONTRACEPTIVE METHOD CHOICE AND COMMODITY SOURCES AMONG WOMEN OF REPRODUCTIVE AGE CURRENTLY USING ANY FORM OF CONTRACEPTION IN COMMUNITIES IN IMO STATE, NIGERIA. JDDT [Internet]. 14May2018 [cited 4Jul.2020];8(3):6-3. Available from: http://jddtonline.info/index.php/jddt/article/view/1733