KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE OF HEALTHCARE PROFESSIONALS TOWARDS ADVERSE DRUG REACTION REPORTING AT INPATIENT WARDS OF TERTIARY HOSPITAL, ETHIOPIA

Adane Teshome Kefale, Beza Dereje Tefera, Tessema Tsehay Biru

Abstract


Background: Drugs have become one of an essential component of health care systems worldwide. However, there is a concern for their safety. Adverse drug reaction (ADR) is common during usual clinical practice and it is associated with increased morbidity, hospitalization and mortality.

Objective: To assess knowledge, attitude, and practice of health care professionals (HCPs) towards ADRs reporting at inpatient wards of Tikur Anbessa Specialized Hospital (TASH), Ethiopia.

Methods: Hospital based descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among 280 HCPs at the inpatient wards of TASH. The data required for the present study was collected using self-administered structured questionnaire and samples were selected through both stratified and systematic random sampling methods, where the type of profession was used as a stratum. The collected data was analyzed using SPSS version 21.00 for the window.

Results: Of 280 HCPs to whom the questionnaire initially administered, 213 respondents filled and returned the questionnaire, giving a response rate of 76.1%, and were included in the analysis. The study revealed that 78.9% and 47.9% of HCPs have poor knowledge and negative attitude towards ADR reporting respectively.  Among respondents, 38% of HCPs encountered patient with ADR, 90.2% of them reported the ADR they encountered, of them only 10.8% were reported to Ethiopian food, medicine, and health care administration and control authority, a regulatory body for receiving and monitoring ADR throughout the country.

Conclusion: HCPs in TASH had poor knowledge, attitude and practice towards ADRs reporting. The hospital should devise strategies to enhance detection and reporting of ADRs.


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