PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF LEAF EXTRACT OF PLANT COSTUS SPICATUS BY GCMS METHOD

  • Ganesan Devendran PG & Research Department of Zoology & Biotechnology, A.V.V.M. Sri Pushpam College (Autonomous), Poondi, Thanjavur – 613 503, India
  • Ganesan Sivamani PG & Research Department of Zoology & Biotechnology, A.V.V.M. Sri Pushpam College (Autonomous), Poondi, Thanjavur – 613 503, India

Abstract

The bioactive components of Costus  spicatus  leaves have been evaluated using GC/MS. The chemical compositions of the ethanolic extract of Costus  spicatus  leaves were investigated using Perkin-Elmer Gas Chromatography–Mass Spectrometry, while the mass spectra of the compounds found in the extract was matched with the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) library. GC/MS analysis of ethanolic extract of Costus  spicatus  leaves revealed the existence of 1,2-Ethanediol, monoacetate (2.79%), 1-Tetradecanol (0.09%), Elema-1,3,11(13)-trine-12-ol (0.31%), beta-costol (0.33%), 4,7,10,13,16,19-Docosahexacnoic acid (0.57%), methyl ester (5.15%), Naphtho[1,2-6]furan-3-one (1.27%), 2,3,3a,4,5,5a,6,7,9a,9b- decahydro-3,5a-9-trimethyl-7,9a-peroxy (0.39%), Eremanthin (93.44%), 5-(ethynyl) nona-1,8-dien-5-ol (0.19%), Benzeneacetic acid (0.10%), Alpha-bergamotene (0.38%), 1,2-Benzenedicarboxylic acid, diisooctyl ester (2.55%), Isolongifolene, 4,5-dehydro- (3.68%) by GCMS analysis and the biological activity of each compound was discussed in this paper. As Costus  spicatus  can grow and spread easily and because of its higher biomass availability, it can prove as an effective and cheaper drug for various diseases.

 Key words: Costus  spicatus , GCMS analysis, Bioactive components.

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Author Biographies

Ganesan Devendran, PG & Research Department of Zoology & Biotechnology, A.V.V.M. Sri Pushpam College (Autonomous), Poondi, Thanjavur – 613 503, India

PG & Research Department of Zoology & Biotechnology, A.V.V.M. Sri Pushpam College (Autonomous), Poondi, Thanjavur – 613 503, India

Ganesan Sivamani, PG & Research Department of Zoology & Biotechnology, A.V.V.M. Sri Pushpam College (Autonomous), Poondi, Thanjavur – 613 503, India

PG & Research Department of Zoology & Biotechnology, A.V.V.M. Sri Pushpam College (Autonomous), Poondi, Thanjavur – 613 503, India

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How to Cite
1.
Devendran G, Sivamani G. PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF LEAF EXTRACT OF PLANT COSTUS SPICATUS BY GCMS METHOD. JDDT [Internet]. 15Jul.2015 [cited 25Jan.2021];5(4):24-6. Available from: http://jddtonline.info/index.php/jddt/article/view/1160