Study on Drug Prescribing Pattern in Dengue Patients in a Tertiary Care Hospital – A tool to teach Clinical Pharmacology

  • Mirza Atif Beg



Introduction and Aim: Dengue fever (DF) is the most common arboviral infection of mankind gaining global attention. Data about drug usage patterns in DF in India are lacking.The present study was undertaken to analyze drug utilization pattern of dengue infections to teach certain basic skills to MBBS students which will form an integral component of practising rational therapeutics.

Methods: A total no of 122 cases were followed up by the 5th semester 2nd Professional undergraduate students in the department of pharmacology at hospital wards of SGRRIM &HS, Dehradun from June 2012 to July 2014. Patients were analysed on various parameters using WHO drug use indicators and National List of Essential Medicines.

Results: A total of 122 prescriptions were analyzed. Male:Female ratio was (72.95%, 27.05%) Age wise distribution of patients was done: 0-15 years were 9 (7.34%), 16-30 years were 45(36.88%), 31-45 years were 46(37.70%), 46-60 years were 18 (14.75%) and >60 years were 4 (3.28%). A total of 614 drugs were prescribed. 169(27.52%) antimicrobials, 99(16.12%) antipyretics, 91(14.82%) antacids, 65(10.59%) multivitamins, 55(8.96%) antiemetics and 135(21.99%) in miscellaneous category were prescribed. 243(40.23%) oral drugs and 361(59.77%) injectable drugs were prescribed. 5.03 drugs per prescription were prescribed. 377(62.42%) drugs were prescribed from National Essential Medicine List.100% drugs were prescribed by brand names.

Conclusion: Majority of the drugs were prescribed from national essential medicine list. As the incidence of DF is increasing with epidemics, the demand for specific treatment guidelines is in great need.

Key words: Dengue fever, drug utilisation pattern, rational prescribing.

Keywords: Key words, Dengue fever, drug utilisation pattern, rational prescribing.


Download data is not yet available.


1. Balasubramanian S, Ramachandran B, Amperayani S. Dengue Viral Infection in Children: A Perspective. Arch Dis Child 2012;97(10):907–12.
2. WHO. Dengue and dengue haemorrhagic fever. Fact sheet No 117, revised May 2008. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2008.
3. Dengue: Guidelines for Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention and Control. World Health Organization 2009. WHO/HTM/NTD/DEN/2009.
4. Gupta E, Dar L, Kapoor G, Broor S. The changing epidemiology of dengue in Delhi, India, Virol Journal 2006 3: 92.
5. World Health Organization: Introduction to Drug Utilization Research 2003;1–49.
6. Uppal R, Chhabra A, Narang A. Pattern of drug use in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. Indian Journal of Paediatrics 1984;35:647–49.
7. B Gitanjali, CH Shashindran. Curriculum in clinical pharmacology for medical undergraduates of India. Indian J Pharmacol 2006;38:108-14.
8. Hafeez AK, Akheel MA, Ashfaque A, Meera NK. Prescribing Pattern for the treatment of dengue in a tertiary care hospital, Bangalore-India. Pharma tutor 2011.
9. Rani U, Kamath SG, Varun HV, Aithal S, Patil U. Prescribing Patterns in Dengue Fever in Paediatric Patients in a tertiary care hospital: A retrospective cross sectional study. Int. J. Pharm. Sci. Rev. Res 2014;24(2):112-8.
10. Kaushal S, Chopra SC, Arora S. Modifications in the undergraduate MBBS pharmacology practical curriculum: The DMCH model. Indian J Pharmacol 2007;39(1):57-59.
11.Soegijanto S, Budiyanto, Kartika, Taufik, Amor. The monthly changing of the lowest population dengue virus infection in patient at Soerya hospital. Indonesian Journal of Tropical and Infectious disease 2011;2(1):20–24.
12. Nagaraju K, Fard N M, Surekha G, Vishal S, Bolouri A. Drug utilisation evaluation of Cephalosporins, Macrolides, Quinolones antibiotics in KIMS hospital. IJRPC 2014;4(4):841-49.
13. Dengue Fever, Centre for Disease Control 2013;1–2. Available from internet health.
14.Tabish A, Jha RK, Rathod AM, Rathod RM, Gupta VK, Prescribing trend of analgesics in a tertiary health care setup of rural Vidarbha: A critical appraisal RJPBCS 2012;3(3):566-71.
15. Rahman MS, Begum ZA, Samad MK. Prescribing pattern of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs at outpatient departments of teaching hospitals. Bangladesh J Pharmacol 2007;2:1-6.
16. T.S. Hariharan. Need for changes in practical pharmacology curriculum of medical undergraduates. Indian J Pharmacol 2004;36 (3):181.
17.Towards a more meaningful teaching of pharmacology. Indian J Pharmacol 2004;36(4):259-61.
174 Views | 186 Downloads
How to Cite
Beg M. Study on Drug Prescribing Pattern in Dengue Patients in a Tertiary Care Hospital – A tool to teach Clinical Pharmacology. JDDT [Internet]. 14Mar.2015 [cited 7Jul.2020];5(2):73-6. Available from: