ROLE OF NIOSOMES AND PRONIOSOMES FOR ENHANCING BIOAVAILABILITY OF DRUGS

  • Sahil Khindri Rayat and Bahra Institute of Pharmacy,Mohali,Punjab,India
  • Geeta Aggarwal Rayat and Bahra Institute of Pharmacy,Mohali,Punjab,India
  • s l Hari Kumar Rayat and Bahra Institute of Pharmacy,Mohali,Punjab,India

Abstract

Niosome are non-ionic surfactant vesicles obtained on hydration of synthetic nonionic surfactants, with or without incorporation of cholesterol or their lipids. They are vesicular systems similar to liposomes that can be used as carriers of amphiphilic and lipophilic drugs. Noisome are promising vehicle for drug delivery and being non-ionic; and Niosomes are biodegradable, biocompatible nonimmunogenic and exhibit flexibility in their structural characterization. Niosomes can entrap both hydrophilic and lipophilic drugs and can prolong the circulation of the entrapped drug in body. Proniosomes are dry formulation of water soluble carrier particles that are coated with surfactant. They are rehydrated to form niosomal dispersion immediately before use on agitation in hot aqueous media within minutes. Proniosomes and niosomes are physically stable during the storage and transport. Drug encapsulated in the vesicular structure of proniosomes prolong the existence of drug in the systematic circulation and enhances the penetration into target tissue and reduce toxicity. From a technical point of view, niosomes and proniosomes are promising drug carriers as they possess greater chemical stability and lack of many disadvantages associated with liposomes, such as high- cost and variable purity problems of phospholipids. The present review emphasizes on overall methods of preparation characterization and applicability of niosomes and proniosomes in targeted drug delivery.

KEYWORDS: proniosomes, targeted , Niosome,

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Author Biographies

Sahil Khindri, Rayat and Bahra Institute of Pharmacy,Mohali,Punjab,India
Rayat and Bahra Institute of Pharmacy,Mohali,Punjab,India
Geeta Aggarwal, Rayat and Bahra Institute of Pharmacy,Mohali,Punjab,India
Rayat and Bahra Institute of Pharmacy,Mohali,Punjab,India
s l Hari Kumar, Rayat and Bahra Institute of Pharmacy,Mohali,Punjab,India
Rayat and Bahra Institute of Pharmacy,Mohali,Punjab,India
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How to Cite
1.
Khindri S, Aggarwal G, Hari Kumar s. ROLE OF NIOSOMES AND PRONIOSOMES FOR ENHANCING BIOAVAILABILITY OF DRUGS. JDDT [Internet]. 13Jan.2015 [cited 8Dec.2021];5(1):28-3. Available from: http://jddtonline.info/index.php/jddt/article/view/1043